Latar belakang[ sunting sunting sumber ] Sudah menjadi kebiasaan bagi para ulama untuk membuat kitab kumpulan atau rangkuman tentang suatu masalah agama. Sehingga sesungguhnya Imam Nawawi bukanlah yang pertama dan juga bukan satu-satunya yang membuat kitab Arbain. Namun kitab Arbain miliknyalah yang terkenal luas dan harum hingga saat ini, meninggalkan kitab-kitab arbain lainnya yang disusun oleh ulama lainnya. Hadits-haditsnya merupakan satu kesatuan yang menjadi cakupan ajaran Islam, baik setengahnya, atau sepertiganya atau seperempatnya .
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Verily, every person will have only what they intended. Whoever emigrated to Allah and his messenger, his emigration is for Allah and his messenger. Whoever emigrated to get something in the world or to marry a woman, his emigration is for that to which he emigrated.
There were no signs of travel on him and we did not recognize him. He sat down in front of the Prophet and rested his knees by his knees and placed his hands on his thighs. Tell me about excellence. Then, the man left and I remained. Thus, he who avoids doubtful matters clears himself in regard to his religion and his honor, and he who falls into doubtful matters will fall into the unlawful as the shepherd who pastures near a sanctuary, all but grazing therein.
Verily, every king has a sanctum and the sanctum of Allah is his prohibitions. Verily, in the body is a piece of flesh which, if sound, the entire body is sound, and if corrupt, the entire body is corrupt.
Truly, it is the heart. Whoever does so will clear himself in regard to his honor and his religion. If they say there is no God but Allah, then they will be granted protection from me for their lives and property, except by right of justice, and their reckoning is with Allah. You are not over them as a dictator. It does not mean to fight those who have made peace, with whom Allah has commanded us to fulfill their peace.
You do not have authority to insert faith into their hearts by force; you are not responsible for that. What I have commanded you, do it as much as you can. Verily, those before you were ruined only due to their excessive questioning and contradicting their prophets. When I narrate a saying to you, take it from me. Verily, Allah has commanded the believers as he commanded His messengers. Allah said: O messengers, eat from good things and act righteously, for I know what you do.
O Lord! Verily, truth brings peace of mind and falsehood sows doubt. Whoever believes in Allah and the Last Day, let him honor his neighbor. Whoever believes in Allah and the Last Day, let him honor his guest. If you have to kill, kill in the best manner. If you have to slaughter, slaughter in the best manner.
Let one of you sharpen his knife, so his animal is spared of suffering. Be mindful of Allah and he will protect you. Be mindful of Allah and you will find him before you. If you ask, ask from Allah. If you seek help, seek help from Allah. Know that if the nations gathered together to benefit you, they will not benefit you unless Allah has decreed it for you. And if the nations gathered together to harm you, they will not harm you unless Allah has decreed it for you.
The pens have been lifted and the pages have dried. First, that it is a command of caution and warning, meaning if there is no shame, do as you wish, for Allah will repay you accordingly… Second, that it is a command of description, meaning that whoever does not have shame will do as he wishes, for it is shame that prevents evil deeds. Glorification and praise fill up what is between the heavens and the earth. Prayer is a light, charity is proof, and patience is illumination. The Quran is a proof for you or against you.
All people go out early in the morning and sell themselves, either setting themselves free or ruining themselves. Let he who finds good praise Allah, and let he who finds something else blame no one but himself.
They perform prayer as we pray, they fast as we fast, and they give charity from their extra wealth. Likewise, if he were to satisfy himself with the lawful, he will have a reward. Justly reconciling two people is charity. Helping a man with his animal and lifting his luggage upon it is charity. A kind word is charity. Every step that you take towards the mosque is charity, and removing harmful things from the road is charity. Righteousness is what reassures your soul and your heart, and sin is what wavers in your soul and puts tension in your chest, even if the people approve it in their judgments again and again.
Then, he faced us and delivered an eloquent sermon that brought tears to our eyes and by it shook our hearts. What do you instruct for us? Whoever lives after me will see many conflicts. You must adhere to my Sunnah and the Sunnah of the righteous, guided successors. Hold firmly to it as if biting with your molar teeth. Beware of newly invented matters, for every new matter is an innovation and every innovation is misguidance. Worship Allah and do not associate anything with him, establish the prayer, give the charity, fast the month of Ramadan, and perform pilgrimage to the House.
Fasting is a shield, charity extinguishes sins as water extinguishes fire, and the prayer of a man in the late night. They spend from what We have provided them, for no soul knows what has been hidden for them of comfort as reward for what they used to do. Is there anything that topples people onto their faces in the Hellfire but the harvest of their tongues?
He has set limits, do not transgress them. He has made some things sacred, do no violate them. He has remained silent upon matters as mercy for you, not out of forgetfulness, so do not search them out. Renounce what people possess and people will love you. Rather, the burden of proof is on the claimant and an oath is a duty upon he who denies the claim.
If he is unable to do so, then with his tongue. If he is unable to do so, then with his heart, and that is the weakest level of faith. Rather, be servants of Allah as brothers.
The Muslim is the brother of another Muslim. He does not wrong him or humiliate him or look down upon him. Righteousness is here. The entirety of the Muslim is sacred to another Muslim: his life, his wealth, and his honor.
Do not seek out faults, do not spy on each other, do not contend with each other, do not envy each other, do not hate each other, and do not turn away from each other. Whoever helps ease one in difficulty, Allah will make it easy for him in this world and in the Hereafter. Whoever conceals the faults of a Muslim, Allah will conceal his faults in this world and in the Hereafter. Allah helps the servant as long as he helps his brother.
Whoever travels a path in search of knowledge, Allah will make easy for him a path to Paradise, for a people do not gather together in the houses of Allah, reciting the book of Allah and studying it together, but that tranquility will descend upon them, mercy will cover them, angels will surround them, and Allah will mention them to those near Him.
Whoever is slow to good deeds will not be hastened by his lineage. Whoever intends to perform a good deed but does not do it, Allah will record it as a complete good deed. If he intends to do it and does so, Allah Almighty will record it as ten good deeds, up to seven hundred times as much or even more.
If he intends to do an evil deed and does not do it, Allah will record for him one complete good deed. If he does it, Allah will record for him a single evil deed. My servant does not grow closer to me with anything more beloved to me than the duties I have imposed upon him. My servant continues to grow closer to me with extra good works until I love him.
When I love him, I am his hearing with which he hears, his seeing with which he sees, his hand with which he strikes, and his foot with which he walks.
Were he to ask something from me, I would surely give it to him. Were he to ask me for refuge, I would surely grant it to him.
I do not hesitate to do anything as I hesitate to take the soul of the believer, for he hates death and I hate to displease him. If you make it to the morning, do not wait for the evening. Take from your health for your sickness, and from your life for your death. O son of Adam, if you have sins piling up to the clouds and then ask for my forgiveness, I will forgive you without hesitation.
O son of Adam, if you come to me with enough sins to fill the earth and then you meet me without associating anything with me, I will come to you with enough forgiveness to fill the earth. If he cannot do it, then he may fill it with a third of his food, a third of his drink, and a third of his breath. They go out in the morning with empty stomachs and return full.
40 Hadith by Imam Nawawi - Arabic
Hadits Arbain Nawawi 1 - 40 Lengkap Arti dan Syarahnya