ART COURTLY LOVE ANDREAS CAPELLANUS PDF

Andreas Capellanus, The Art of Courtly Love Andreas "the Chaplain" writes this essay in three parts and addresses it to his young male friend, Walter, who apparently has asked for instruction. The first part discusses what love is and how love may be obtained. The second part discusses how love may be preserved. The third part discusses why love should be avoided and attempts to undo the work of the first two parts. The book is notable for its embedded dialogues purporting to describe "courts of love" held by queens and duchesses, trials at which men and women debated the behaviors of lovers from various stations of society and evaluated them.

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Andreas Capellanus, The Art of Courtly Love Andreas "the Chaplain" writes this essay in three parts and addresses it to his young male friend, Walter, who apparently has asked for instruction. The first part discusses what love is and how love may be obtained. The second part discusses how love may be preserved. The third part discusses why love should be avoided and attempts to undo the work of the first two parts. The book is notable for its embedded dialogues purporting to describe "courts of love" held by queens and duchesses, trials at which men and women debated the behaviors of lovers from various stations of society and evaluated them.

It also contains an important definition of love and two sets of rules for love, the longer of which is reproduced below. According to Andreas, "Love is an inborn suffering proceeding from the sight and immoderate thought upon the beauty of the other sex, for which cause above all other things one wishes to embrace the other and, by common assent, in this embrace to fulfill the commandments of love. Paul, the great promoter of chastity as the highest human state, reluctantly agreed that it was "better to marry than to burn" i.

The Rules of Love 1. Marriage is no excuse for not loving. He who is not jealous can not love. No one can be bound by two loves. Love is always growing or diminishing. It is not good for one lover to take anything against the will of the other. A male cannot love until he has fully reached puberty.

Two years of mourning for a dead lover are prescribed for surviving lovers. No one should be deprived of love without a valid reason. No one can love who is not driven to do so by the power of love. Love always departs from the dwelling place of avarice. It is not proper to love one whom one would be ashamed to marry. The true lover never desires the embraces of any save his lover.

Love rarely lasts when it is revealed. An easy attainment makes love contemptible; a difficult one makes it more dear. Every lover turns pale in the presence of his beloved. When a lover suddenly has sight of his beloved, his heart beats wildly. A new love expells an old one. Moral integrity alone makes one worthy of love. If love diminishes, it quickly leaves and rarely revives.

A lover is always fearful. True jealousy always increases the effects of love. If a lover suspects another, jealousy and the efects of love increase. He who is vexed by the thoughts of love eats little and seldom sleeps. Every action of a lover ends in the thought of his beloved.

The true lover believes only that which he thinks will please his beloved. Love can deny nothing to love. A lover can never have enough of the embraces of his beloved. The slightest suspicion incites the lover to suspect the worse of his beloved. He who suffers from an excess of passion is not suited to love. The true lover is continuously obsessed with the image of his beloved. Nothing prevents a woman from being loved by two men, or a man from being loved by two women.

For more excerpted translations from Andreas, including some of the dialogues, click.

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Andreas Capellanus's The Art Of Courtly Love

His work[ edit ] De Amore was written sometime between and It was most likely intended for the French court of Philip Augustus. John Jay Parry, who edited De Amore, has described it as "one of those capital works which reflect the thought of a great epoch, which explains the secret of a civilization. It is often associated with Eleanor of Aquitaine herself the granddaughter of an early troubadour poet, William IX of Aquitaine , but this link has never been verified.

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The Art of Courtly Love

Andreas Capellanus late 12th cent. De Amore A Treatise on Courtly Love Excerpts [The work is divided into three books; the first begins in the manner of an academic lecture, with attention to definitions and etymology. Love is an inborn suffering proceeding from the sight and immoderate thought upon the beauty of the other sex, for which cause above all other things one wishes to embrace the other and, by common assent, in this embrace to fulfill the commandments of love. From Whence Love is Named "Love amor " is derived from the word "hook amar ", which signifies "capture" or "be captured. Just as a shrewd fisherman tries to attract fish with his bait and to catch them on with his curved hook, so he who is truly captured by love tries to attract another with his blandishments and with all his power tries to hold two hearts together with one spiritual chain or, if they be already united, to hold them always together.

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