Kinderjaren[ bewerken brontekst bewerken ] Plaquette aan de voormalige Vroedvrouwenschool, Heerlen Thomas Bernhard werd op 9 februari geboren in de Vroedvrouwenschool te Heerlen. Om de zwangerschap te verbergen ook voor haar ouders en om extra inkomen voor haar familie te verdienen, vertrok zij in juni naar Nederland, waar ze werd opgevangen door vriendinnen uit haar geboortestreek. Ze werkte als dienstmeisje op diverse adressen. Tot september verbleef Bernhard op een visserskotter bij Rotterdam; daarna stuurde Herta Bernhard haar kind naar haar ouders in Oostenrijk, om een half jaar later te volgen. Door een longaandoening in zijn jonge jaren had Bernhard voor de rest van zijn leven een zwakke gezondheid. In zijn vroege jeugd werd hij door zijn grootouders opgevoed.
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Life[ edit ] Thomas Bernhard was born in in Heerlen in the Netherlands, where his unmarried mother Herta Bernhard worked as a maid.
From the autumn of he lived with his grandparents in Vienna until when his mother, who had married in the meantime, moved him to Traunstein , Bavaria , in Nazi Germany. There he was required to join the Deutsches Jungvolk, a branch of the Hitler Youth , which he hated.
Bernhard went to elementary school in Seekirchen and later attended various schools in Salzburg including the Johanneum which he left in to start an apprenticeship with a grocer. The extent or nature of his relationships with women is obscure. He trained as an actor at the Mozarteum in Salzburg — and was always profoundly interested in music. His lung condition, however, made a career as a singer impossible.
After that he worked briefly as a journalist, mainly as a crime reporter, and then became a full-time writer. After a decade of needing constant medical care for his lungs, Bernhard died in in Gmunden , Upper Austria , by assisted suicide. In his will, which aroused great controversy on publication, Bernhard prohibited any new stagings of his plays and publication of his unpublished work in Austria; however, in this was annulled by his heir, his half-brother Dr.
Peter Fabjan. Work[ edit ] Often criticized in Austria as a Nestbeschmutzer one who dirties his own nest for his critical views, Bernhard was highly acclaimed abroad. Nevertheless, while reviled by some Austrians for his outspoken and harsh views of his homeland, including its Nazi past,  he was, during his lifetime, also highly acclaimed in Austria, winning a number of major awards, and was seen by many as the pre-eminent writer of the time.
His work is most influenced by the feeling of being abandoned in his childhood and youth and by his incurable illness, which caused him to see death as the ultimate essence of existence.
This is true for his plays as well as for his prose, where the monologues are then reported second hand by the listener. Alongside his serious and pessimistic views, his works also contain some very funny observations on life. As Dorschel argues, the two modes produce a series of oppositions with mutually informing sides.
His work also continually deals with the isolation and self-destruction of people striving for an unreachable perfection, since this same perfection would mean stagnancy and therefore death.
Anti-Catholic rhetoric is not uncommon. One of the more controversial lines called Austria "a brutal and stupid nation Peter Fabjan, has since made exceptions, although the German firm of Suhrkamp remains his principal publisher. The correspondence between Bernhard and his publisher Siegfried Unseld from to — about letters — was published in December at Suhrkamp Verlag , Germany.
Das Kalkwerk (1970)
Inhalt[ Bearbeiten Quelltext bearbeiten ] Diese Studie hat Konrad angeblich schon seit Jahrzehnten im Kopf; er wartet aber noch auf den aller geeignetsten Moment, um sie zu Papier zu bringen. Laut seinen Aussagen kommt ihm immer etwas dazwischen. Die angespannte Situation zwischen Konrad und seiner Frau spitzt sich im Laufe des Romans immer weiter zu. Damit hat er die Rolle eines Berichterstatters.