The process is often referred to as bentching  ; the word "bentch" means to bless. Birkat Hamazon is made up of four blessings. The land: A blessing of thanks for the Land of Israel , is attributed to Joshua after he led the Jewish people into Israel. Jerusalem: Concerns Jerusalem , is ascribed to David , who established it as the capital of Israel and Solomon , who built the Temple in Jerusalem. The obligation to recite this blessing is generally   regarded as a rabbinic obligation.
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Yoducha ammim elohim yoducha ammim kullam. Eretz natenah yevulah yevarechenu elohim eloheinu. Harachaman hu yishtabbach al kissei chevodo.
Harachaman hu yishtabbach banu ledor dorim. Harachaman hu yitten shalom beineinu. Harachaman hu yatzliach et deracheinu. Harachaman hu yiftach lanu et yado harechavah. Harachaman hu yifros aleinu sukkat shelomo. On Rosh Chodesh: Harachaman hu yechaddesh aleinu et hachodesh hazzeh letovah velivrachah. On Rosh Hashanah: Harachaman hu yechaddesh aleinu shanah tovah umevorechet. On Sukkot: Harachaman hu yezakkenu leishev besukkat oro shel livyatan.
Harachaman hu yakim lanu et-sukkat david hannofelet. On Yom Tov: Harachaman hu yanchilenu leyom shekkulo tov. Vayitten lifneihem vayochelu vayotiru kidvar A-do-nai. Baruch haggever asher yivtach baihvah vehayah A-do-nai mivtacho. He Provides bread to all flesh — because forever is His kindness. Psalms , 25 And with His great goodness, we continually never lack. And His table is set for all.
And upon the Your Covenant that you stamped upon our flesh. And for Your Torah that You taught us. And upon the laws of Your Will — that You taught us. On Hanukkah continue: In the days of Matitya son of Yohanan, The high priest, The Hashmonay and his sons when the Wicked Greek empire arose Against your people Israel To make them forget your Torah, and to remove them from the ordinances of your will and you with your great mercy you stood at the time of their suffering , you battle their battles, you judged their laws, you took vengeance upon their vengeance, you gave up over the mighty into the hands of the weak, and the masses in the hands of the few, and the impure Into the hands of the pure, and the wicked into the hands of the righteous, and the intentional sinners into the hands of those that are engaged in your Torah.
To you you made your holy and great name In your world and for your people Israel you made a great salvation and deliverance as you do This day. And the afterwords your children came to the inner chambers of your house cleared your sanctuary and purify it your holy Temple and lit candles In your holy courtyard.
And they fixed these eight days of Hanukkah — With complete praise and thanks, and you did for them miracles and wonders and we will thank Your great name, Forever. And You did for them miracles and wonders - and we will thank Your great name, Forever. Our Deliverer. Deliver us speedily from all our sufferings. And upon the Kingship of the house of David Your Messiah - restore it in place speedily in our days.
Let us rest on it and let us have serenity and have pleasure with your commandments — the decrees of Your will. And do not let there be pain and suffering on the day of our rest. And let us see the consolation of Zion speedily in our days.
For you are the one that is the master of rest. And even though we ate and drank, the destruction of the of your great and holy house — we did not forget. Do not forget us forever and do not abandon us forever, for you are G-d, a Great and Holy King. Rosh Hodesh, Intermed. And build Jerusalem, Your city, speedily in our days. Say Quietly Amen. The Good King that does good to all.
The Merciful One, He will provide success in our paths. Thus may You bless us together — with a complete blessing. And thus, may it be Your Will. And let us say Amen. The Merciful One, He will bestow upon us plentyof holiness and purity- from the seven lofty and holy guests — may there merit protect and shield us. Holidays The Merciful One, He will allow us to arrive at other holidays — that come to greet us with peace.
And his awe should be on our faces — without any sin. And all our deeds should be for the sake of heaven. Psalms 37, 26 That that we ate, may it be to satiate.
And that which we drank, may it be for healing. And that that we left over, may it be for blessing. This blessing which is actually a series of blessings is mandated for use following any meal in which bread has been eaten, since according to Jewish law, eating bread officially constitutes a meal. Birkat Hamazon can be said sitting at the same table or in view of the same table where the meal was eaten. At weddings or Shabbat meals, it is often said communally.
Reciting the blessing after the meal is a mitzvah written in the Torah. On other days, Psalm , which mourns for the Jewish people during the Babylonian exile, is sometimes recited. When three or more people for traditional Jews, three or more men have eaten together, a short back-and-forth invitation, called a zimmun, precedes the prayer. The leader invites everyone present at the meal to recite the blessing, and they respond with words of praise for God.
At a wedding meal, additional lines of praise are added. There is also a custom of saying Birkat Hamazon over a cup of wine when 10 people, or more, eat communally. The first blessing, also called birkat hazan, praises God for sustaining life and providing food for all creatures.
Often when a group has eaten together this blessing is sung out loud. It recapitulates Jewish history from the Exodus to the conquering of the land of Canaan. The blessing also mentions that just as God sustained the Jewish people in the desert, so too God currently sustains them and will do so in the future.
In this second blessing, additional paragraphs are added during Purim and Hanukkah. The third blessing, birkat Yerushalayim, begs God to be merciful and continue to support the Jewish people. Whereas the first two blessings praise God, this blessing changes tone, adding a plea to God to quickly rebuild Jerusalem. Each of these asks for a particular gift from God. One beseeches God to eternally stay the ruler of the Jewish people.
Another requests that God grant the speaker an honorable livelihood, send the messiah, and bestow special blessings for others at the table. Words are added to the four main blessings, and some phrases are reordered, added, or omitted. The greatest range of variation appears after the four main blessings, in the harahaman section. History of the Birkat Hamazon The four main blessings were written down in the Talmud tractate Berakhot. Traditionally the first blessing is attributed to Moses, the second to Joshua, the third to David and Solomon, and the fourth to the rabbis from Yavneh.
Yet the exact wording of the blessings is simply hinted at, not explicitly stated. The Talmud only mentions the blessings by their titles and final lines. These brief, talmudic versions have, in recent times, served as a precedent for shortened texts of Birkat Hamazon.
It has similar text to a shortened version of Birkat Hamazon, touching on all the themes, but with fewer blessings. This can be found in most bentchers, small booklets containing the blessing after the meal and other festive songs. You can purchase a bentcher online or at your local Judaica store.
The Birkat hamazon