CSA S413 PDF

It supersedes the previous editions published in , , and This Standard differs from the previous edition as follows: a The scope has been expanded to include pedestrian areas adjoined to or contained within parking structures; and b The annexes have been revised. Introduction 0. The provisions of this Standard are intended to address both ultimate and serviceability limit states, and more specifically, to a protect against the deterioration of concrete and metal elements caused by de-icing chemicals alone or by de-icing chemicals in combination with the effects of freeze-thaw cycling; b protect against damage to vehicles caused by leakage through floors; and c control the flow of water and avoid ponding. In geographic areas where de-icing chemicals are not used and are not expected to be used in the foreseeable future, some of the corrosion protection provisions in this Standard do not apply. The provision of multiple protection systems is a fundamental principle of this Standard.

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It supersedes the previous editions published in , , and This Standard differs from the previous edition as follows: a The scope has been expanded to include pedestrian areas adjoined to or contained within parking structures; and b The annexes have been revised. Introduction 0. The provisions of this Standard are intended to address both ultimate and serviceability limit states, and more specifically, to a protect against the deterioration of concrete and metal elements caused by de-icing chemicals alone or by de-icing chemicals in combination with the effects of freeze-thaw cycling; b protect against damage to vehicles caused by leakage through floors; and c control the flow of water and avoid ponding.

In geographic areas where de-icing chemicals are not used and are not expected to be used in the foreseeable future, some of the corrosion protection provisions in this Standard do not apply. The provision of multiple protection systems is a fundamental principle of this Standard.

The appropriate choices should be made by the designer and specified in the drawings and related documents. Some parking structures, or portions of parking structures, require more than the minimum protection required by this Standard because of factors such as environmental conditions, the extent of utilization of salt by the municipality, the number of daily vehicle in-and-out trips, the difficulty of access for repairs, or the desire to minimize maintenance.

For types of construction or construction details not covered by this Standard, the same principles of protection required by this Standard apply. Maintenance information is provided in Annex E and Table E. The specific details, materials, and procedures should be shown and specified in the drawings and related documents. Advice on these aspects should be sought from professionals who are knowledgeable in the special requirements of parking structures. Scope 1. This includes pedestrian traffic areas adjoining to or contained within parking structures.

These include areas such as stairs, and pedestrian bridges from parking structures. Notes accompanying clauses do not include requirements or alternative requirements; the purpose of a note accompanying a clause is to separate from the text explanatory or informative material.

Notes to tables and figures are considered part of the table or figure and may be written as requirements. Annexes are designated normative mandatory or informative non-mandatory to define their application.

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Sharn Notes accompanying clauses do not include requirements or alternative requirements; the purpose of a note accompanying a clause is to separate from the text explanatory or informative material. Though the CSA system has been modified to work with other browsers, technical support is limited to Internet Explorer browser on Windows based operating systems. In addition, the CAC coordinates industry funding of a number of X standards and is constantly looking for ways to make them available for national use more cost-efficiently. The standards can be downloaded as a PDF file. These include areas such as stairs, and pedestrian bridges from parking structures. Notes to tables and figures are considered part of the table or figure and may be written as requirements. It also ensures that cement- and concrete-based innovations in building materials are codified and adopted in a timely manner.

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